Excellence is the Only Mark
Bangladesh College of Physicians and Surgeons (BCPS) has been the pioneer in developing postgraduate medical education and training in this country. The College has played a unique role in producing specialists in various disciplines of medical science who are working as medical teachers, consultants and specialists. Fellows and Members of the College still constitute the majority of the specialist manpower in the country. Fellows of the College are also performing as specialist abroad. The College bears a heritage to the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan (CPSP). The Eastern wing of the then Pakistan, which is now Bangladesh, had an office of the CPSP, but most activity was being conducted from the western wing. Following the independence of Bangladesh in 1971, on the initiative of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, who was the Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh at that time, BCPS was established by a Presidential Order in June 1972. The Presidential order was made into the BCPS ACT in 2018. A key role was played at that time by National Professor Nurul Islam. Professor Kazi Shamsul Haque was the first President of the College. All Fellows of CPSP who hailed from Bangladesh (erstwhile East Pakistan) were admitted as founder Fellows of the College.
With tremendous effort from the Fellows, the BCPS was able to hold the first examination in July 1972. Later on National Professor Md. Ibrahim, who was at that time the President of BCPS and was an adviser in charge of the Ministry of Health and Family Planning, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, helped to procure a temporary premises for the BCPS in a house in Dhanmondi, Dhaka. Historic first convocation of BCPS was held in that premises in 1980. Professor M. A. Matin, at that time the President of the BCPS and also the Minister of Health and Family planning was instrumental in procuring fund for the construction of the College building at Mohakhali in 1980. The College was shifted to its own premises at Mohakhali in January 1982. In the following years, on the initiative of the Fellows of the College under the dynamic leadership of the College Council and the Executive Committee, the College has proceeded further. The examination system has been continuously updated to keep at par with the development of medical education and training in developed countries. Training and examination in many more subjects have been introduced. Fellowship in sub-specialties was started in January 1994.
The College is constituted by its founder Fellows, Fellows without examination, Honorary Fellows and Fellows admitted on passing the prescribed examination. The College Council comprises of 20 Councilors of whom 16 are elected by the Fellows and 4 are nominated by the Government from amongst the Fellows. The election of the council held every two years, after one-half of the members of the council have finished their tenure of office. Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the college held on last working day of February each year. The Council is responsible for the general direction of the general affairs of the College. The Council have the following committees to help: a) Executive committee consisting of President, Senior Vice President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, and two elected Members. b) Finance and Tender Committee consisting of the President, the Treasurer and two Members elected by the council and other members. C) The examination committee consisting of senior Vice-President in the chair and other members. D) The Reference committee consisting of President and other members. Secretary of the college is the Chief executive of the council and ex-officio members of all the committees and convener of all the committee meetings. There are different subcommittees for smooth functioning of the college activities. They are Disciplinary committee, Museum committee, Library committee, Journal committee, Students advisory committee, Continuing professional development (CPD) committee, Fellows welfare committee, Planning and development committee, Research and training monitoring committee, Ethical committee. Academic activities of the College are carried out under sixteen faculties: 1) faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, 2) faculty of Medicine, 3) faculty of Family Medicine, 4) faculty of Surgery, 5) faculty of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 6) faculty of Paediatrics, 7) faculty of Psychiatry, 8) faculty of Radiology and Imaging , 9) faculty of Ophthalmology, 10) faculty of Anaesthsiology, 11) faculty of Hematology, 12) faculty of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 13) faculty of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 14) faculty of Dermatology and Venereology, 15) faculty of Dentistry and 16) faculty of Radiotherapy. Their main functions are to make recommendations on academic activities within their jurisdiction and conduct teaching and training program.
Premise and Accommodation
The campus of the College is situated over three acres of land at Mohakhali, Dhaka. Presently the offices are housed in three buildings:
The project titled "Modernization and Expansion of Bangladesh College of Physicians and Surgeons" is the biggest achievement of the ongoing council. The administrative, academic, overall economic enhancement of the college, especially through infrastructural development, has come a long way in the journey of college development. The following activities have been included in the development of the College through this project:
The Academic Building, now designated as Block "B”: The building accommodates Examination halls, Class rooms, Department of Press and Publications, Department of Skill development, Department of Information technology, Library and Archives with Electronic Library, Museum, Department of Research and Training Monitoring, Department of Medical Education, Cafeteria, Prayer room, Faculty office, Dormitory and examiner's suite.
The New Building now designated as Block "C”: The new building accommodates the College lobby with reception desk, President Office, Secretary's Office, Treasurer's Office. Department of Administration, Department of Finance, Department of Examination, Council room, Examination Halls and Multipurpose Class room.
College library is equipped with recent books and journals having internet facilities can accommodate about 150 students. There is a fellow's corner where fellows can sit separately. There is also a separate bookshelf where books are displayed which are written and published by fellows. The library of BCPS aims at remaining dynamic and responsive to serve all Members, Fellows and students, to reflect good professional practice and foster quality, creativity with its collection and services.
Museum: In keeping with the tradition and demand of BCPS, the College Council has adopted a plan to create a modern museum of international standard. The college hired a consultant firm to design a state-of-the-art modern museum and they submitted a sophisticated design to the college. It has already decided to set up a museum on the 11th floor of the proposed building of the college. If such a museum is opened, the students will have the opportunity to study in an advanced and quality environment and the specimens stored in this museum can be used in various examinations of the college. The history, achievements and significant events of the college from its inception will be permanently preserved in this museum. As a result, future generations will be able to learn about the glorious history of the college through this museum.
BCPS has two modern cafeterias- one for examiners and another common one for students and staff. The BCPS cafeteria is working full swing. The snack and lunch are served during examinations, meetings, seminars, workshops from the cafeteria. Fellows and Members and other doctors coming to the College for different purposes use the cafeteria for snacks and lunch.
The College has 48 suits on the 9th and 10th floor of the building of Block B for accommodating Fellows who are coming to BCPS for examinations or other purposes. At present 8 double bedded and 39 single bedded suits with air-condition are ready for use. Ten modern equip 5 star category suits reestablish at 9th floor, Block-C of BCPS for VIP Services.
Weekend courses are conducted for FCPS part-I examinees for different subjects. The weekend courses continue
throughout the year except in the months of January, June, July and December.
Continuing Professional Development Program: Regular program aims at updating Fellows' knowledge and capacity building are undertaken under CPD program. Besides, workshop, seminar and meetings are also held on different matters of interest and contemporary issues.
Training program on "Research Methodology" is conducted for FCPS part-I qualified doctors regularly by the Research and Training Monitoring Department (RTMD) of the college. The RTMD has also taken initiative to form institutional training monitoring cell in different institutes to look after the progress of training. One of such kind has already been formed in different medical Colleges. The cells have already started and functioning.
Hands on training on Basic Surgical Skills and Temporal Bone Dissection are regularly conducted for trainers and trainees in the Skill Development Lab of BCPS. Training program for Emergency Obstetric Care (EOC) and Neonatal Care (NC) for the FCPS part-II students and also for the senior fellows is being regularly held at Skill Development Lab of the college in collaboration with Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), UK. Basic Computer training is provided to the trainees and Fellows of the College in IT Lab of BCPS. BCPS has been recognized by the American Heart Association (AHA) as their training center for Basic Life Support (BLS) & Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS). BCPS is going to start the training program on Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) soon.
Medical Education department on regular basis organizes workshop on capacity building on assessment system for various faculty members.
The College has unique system of accreditation of various
medical colleges and institute as training center through
inspection by a group of faculty members. Responsibility of
a training institute recognized by the college is to impart
training to the prospective candidate of the college
examinations. BCPS has to inspect and authorize a clinical
department to train a candidate for BCPS examinations.
College inspection team visits a department in order to
evaluate its availability of trainers, teaching facilities and
other factors. Initially the medical institutes is required to
filled up a prescribed form and submit the same to BCPS
including a forwarding letter. After Preliminary selection
BCPS forms an inspection team and fixes the date and time
and informs the respective institutes for inspection. Every
report of inspection team must have to submit to the
Reference committee as well as Executive committee and
College council for final approval to recognize the institutes.
Examinations: The main activities of the college run around the examination. Each year examination starts 1st working day of January for January session and 1st working day of July for July session. Fellowship is offered in the following subjects:
General subjects: (27)
1) Medicine, 2) Surgery, 3) Paediatrics, 4) Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 5) Ophthalmology, 6) Otolaryngology, 7) Psychiatry, 8) Anaesthesiology, 9) Radiology & Imaging, 10) Radiotherapy, 11) Dermatology & Venereology, 12) Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 13) Haematology, 14) Biochemistry, 15) Histopathology, 16) Microbiology, 17) Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, 18) Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 19) Prosthodontics, 20) Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics, 21) Transfusion Medicine and 22) Family Medicine, 23)Anatomy, 24) Physiology, 25) Pharmacology, 26) Forensic Medicine, 27) Community Medicine.
Specialized subjects: (38)
1) Gastroenterology, 2) Neurology, 3) Nephrology, 4)
Endocrinology & Metabolism, 5) Cardiology, 6)
Pulmonology, 7) Hepatology, 8) Rheumatology, 9) Infectious
Disease & Tropical Medicine, 10) Urology, 11) Neurosurgery,
12) Cardiovascular Surgery, 13) Thoracic Surgery,
14) Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery,15) Orthopaedic
Surgery, 16) Paediatric Surgery, 17) Neonatology, 18)
Paediatric Haematology & Oncology, 19) Paediatric
Nephrology, 20) Paediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition, 21)
Paediatric Pulmonology, 22) Paediatric Neurology &
Development, 23) Feto-Maternal Medicine, 24)
Gynaecological Oncology, 25) Reproductive Endocrinology
& Infertility, 26) Paediatric Cardiology, 27)
Hepatobiliary Surgery, 28)
Colorectal Surgery, 29)
Surgical Oncology, 30)
Paediatric Ophthalmology, 31)
Vitreo Retina, 32)
Casualty and Emergency Surgery, 33)
Medical Oncology 34)
Palliative Medicine, 35)
Paediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, 36)
Paediatric Critical Care Medicine, 37)
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , 38)
Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery. FCPS part-II examinations are being conducted
for FCPS in various specialized subjects.
Membership is offered in the subject of 1) Medicine, 2) Surgery, 3) Paediatrics, 4) Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 5) Ophthalmology, 6) Otolaryngology, 7) Psychiatry, 8) Anaesthesiology, 9) Radiology & Imaging, 10) Radiotherapy, 11) Dermatology & Venereology, 12) Dental Surgery, 13) Forensic Medicine, 14) Family Medicine, 15) Transfusion Medicine and 16) Clinical Pathology.
Examinations follow delicate evaluation and scoring system that are very unique to this College. This helps to produce Fellows and Members with high levels of proficiency to match the needs of medical profession. The final Fellowship examination also requires acceptance/ defence of a dissertation/thesis undertaken by the candidates. In order to optimize assessment the College has introduced OSPE in part-II preliminary and final examinations in partial replacement of conventional oral and practical examination Exchange of examiners in different specialties exists between the BCPS and the Royal Colleges of UK, Ireland and also with regional countries like Pakistan, India, Srilanka, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia and Nepal.
The College confers Fellowship and Membership awards. Fellowship is awarded in two ways: Fellowship through regular examinations and Honorary Fellowship. Memberships are awarded on passing a prescribed examination. By now, 111 persons have been awarded Fellowships without examination while 280 others have received Honorary Fellowships. So far 142 foreign nationals have received such Fellowships. The total number of Fellowships and Memberships awarded through regular examinations until now are 8169 and 3570 respectively.(N.B: Update to January 2023)
The College has built a rich heritage in academic and
service spheres. The country largely owes its specialist
medical practice to the College. Most of the medical
teachers and consultants are the Fellows and Members of
this College. Besides working in major specialties of medical
sciences, Fellows and Members of this College have
pioneered in the development of subspecialties in this
country. Today, there is hardly any corner of the country
where a product of this College is not engaged in
humanitarian medical services and its development. There
are also Fellows and Members working all over the globe
having carried with them the fervor and fame of this College.
It is expected that in the years to come the riches in heritage
shall continue to grow.